Gaurav Khanna | Ideas for India

Gaurav Khanna
University of California, San Diego
Gaurav received his Economics Ph.D. from the University of Michigan with interests in development economics, labour economics, and applied econometrics. His research focusses on education policy, high-skill immigration, infrastructure, public works programmes, and conflict. He will be a Post-Doctoral Fellow at the Center for Global Development in 2016-17, and an Assistant Professor of Economics at the University of California San Diego Public Policy School from 2017.

Articles By Gaurav Khanna
How the American dream led to India’s IT boom
Posted On: 29 May 2017

In the context of the ongoing global debate on migration policies, this column shows that the H-1B visa programme of the US had a powerful impact on the US IT sector, and played a prominent role in spreading the boom to India.
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What are schools worth?
Posted On: 01 Jun 2016

Topics:   Education
Tags:   schooling

Since large-scale expansions in education impact both individual behaviours and labour markets, convincing causal estimates of their overall benefits are hard to generate. Analysing the overall economic consequences of the District Primary Education Programme in India, this column finds that more educated individuals earned substantially more. However, since others were also receiving more education, this stymied the increase in individual earnings and had significant distributional consequences.
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Maoist violence and MNREGA
Posted On: 15 Apr 2015

Topics:   Jobs , Conflict

The spate of Maoist attacks on security personnel in Chhattisgarh this week serves as a reminder that Moaist insurgency is the single biggest internal security threat faced by India. This column analyses the impact of MNREGA on Maoist violence and finds a spike in police-initiated attacks on Maoists following the implementation of the job guarantee scheme in 2006. This is possibly because MNREGA provides credibility to the government’s commitment to development, making the local population more willing to share information on Maoists.
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Transit networks and regional development in India
Posted On: 26 Mar 2015

Topics:   Infrastructure

Recent research illustrates the immediate positive effects of transit networks in India on rural employment, manufacturing growth and so on. This column focuses on the long-term impact of national highways and shows that they gave rise to a dynamic pattern of regional development over time. Regions along the highways were the first to develop, after which economic activity spread to their neighbours, and then to their neighbours’ neighbours.
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Quotas and schooling decisions
Posted On: 03 Apr 2014

Topics:   Caste , Education

Affirmative action, as an instrument for bridging inequalities across social groups, has been a contentious issue for decades. This column analyses the impact of reservation in public sector jobs and colleges for ‘Other Backward Classes’, implemented in India in the 1990s. It finds that the policy did incentivise beneficiaries to stay in school longer so that they could take advantage of quotas.
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