Tag Search: “infrastructure”

Real estate cross-subsidisation for infrastructure financing: A precarious solution for urban development?

A means of urban development financing that has emerged in Indian cities is real estate cross-subsidisation, whereby land along the mass rapid transit system corridors is offered to private developers for commercial real estate projects, which can then be sold to generate revenue. Based on case stud

Making India open-defecation free by 2019

Swachh Bharat Mission – the flagship sanitation programme of the Indian government – aims to make India open-defecation free by 2019. However, this has only been achieved in 17 of 686 districts so far. In this article, Bhaskar Pant outlines the key reasons due to which the government’s efforts

Off-grid solar power and the future of rural electrification in India

Off-grid solar power is a potential alternative to grid extension in rural electrification. This column reports results from a recent experiment with an off-grid lighting intervention in Uttar Pradesh. While little evidence of broader socioeconomic changes was found, the study suggests that kerosene

Why doesn’t anybody know if Swachh Bharat Mission is succeeding?

In 2014, the Prime Minister announced a goal of eliminating open defecation by 2019. In this article, Coffey and Spears, contend that now almost two-thirds of the way through the Swachh Bharat Mission, nobody knows whether it is succeeding because there is no credible, independent survey that can of

Building institutional capacity for rural sanitation in Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh, India’s most populous state with about 200 million people, has historically not performed well on sanitation. In this article, Mariappa Kullappa of the World Bank Water Global Practice gives an account of the state administration’s experience of pushing ahead its sanitation agenda

Economic benefits of transportation infrastructure: Historical evidence from India and America

Significant public finance is devoted to transportation infrastructure, the economic benefits of which are often unclear. This column analyses two major railroad projects in India and US in the 19th century. It finds that the economic gains from transportation infrastructure can be substantial, and

Aadhaar: It's not black and white

Amidst the emerging privacy concerns surrounding the success of Aadhaar and its integration in our day-to-day lives, Outline India conducted a survey in Delhi to understand people's reception of Aadhaar card, its perceived impact on their lives, and their thoughts on making the scheme mandatory to

Highway network designs and regional economic development

The Indian National Highway Development Project and its components such as the Golden Quadrilateral or the North-South and East-West corridors are planned to alleviate constraints due to insufficient transport infrastructure. This column compares the effects of the Golden Quadrilateral with a count

Bidding for roads

This project aims to understand how to make it harder for local politicians to capture small-scale infrastructure projects. In the context of the bidding process for contracts under India’s flagship rural road construction programme, it examines three questions:

Infrastructure and economic growth: The role of airports

Given that banking sectors in low-income countries are inefficient, why don’t lenders from wealthier countries profitably lend to productive firms in these countries? One possibility is that foreign lenders lack the information to identify productive firms and the tools to monitor them.

Constructing housing for the poor without destroying their communities

The Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana aims to achieve housing for all by 2022. However, vacancy of 23% was reported last year in urban housing built under the programme. In this article, Rohini Pande, contends that take-up can be increased if policies are designed in a way that allows the intended benefic

Smart meters for promoting energy efficiency in rural India

This project brings experimental and quasi-experimental research methods to bear on important issues confronting rural electrification initiatives.