Tag Search: “migration”

Does India gain from high-skilled migration to the US?

India is the most important source of migrants globally, and the US is the main host country for its high-skilled migrants. Is the phenomenon of high-skilled emigration ‘brain drain’, or is it creatin...

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How India’s internal borders inhibit migration

Indians, particularly men seeking education and jobs, display a puzzling reluctance to cross state borders. This article explores the reasons for this migration pattern. A major culprit is India’s sys...

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Labour market effects of workfare programmes: Evidence from MNREGA

India’s Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee (MNREGA), the world’s largest workfare programme, provided employment to 51 million households in 2016. Assessing the impact of MNREGA on the...

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Why are geniuses destroying jobs in Uganda?

In this article, Lant Pritchett discusses how technological progress is being driven in rich countries by distorted prices and availability of labour and is then inefficiently and uneconomically destr...

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Drawing the line: The short- and long-term consequences of partitioning India

Colonial rule in India culminated in the birth of two nations, forcing the displacement of millions. This column analyses the economic and political consequences of the Partition in 1947. It finds tha...

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Moving in or dropping out? India's female migrants and urban labour force integration

One important, yet understudied, constraint to female labour force participation is women’s inability to successfully migrate to where the jobs are – cities.

  • IGC Research on India

How the American Dream led to India's IT boom?

In the context of the ongoing global debate on migration policies, this column shows that the H-1B visa programme of the US had a powerful impact on the US IT sector, and played a prominent role in sp...

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The puzzle of Indian urbanisation

The global experience has been that as countries develop, rural-to-urban migration accelerates, and decelerates only when the urbanisation level is very high – usually well over 50%. In contrast, mig...

  • Perspectives

The North-South urban paradox

Why is northern India experiencing faster urban growth but slower urbanisation relative to the South? This column addresses this question by highlighting the interconnection between the demographic t...

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Insights from long-term studies of Indian villages

Much of our knowledge of change in rural areas depends on longitudinal village studies. Drawing upon a number of village studies carried out over the years in India, this column provides a broad pict...

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The missing men

Studies on skewed sex ratios in India typically focus on female deficits attributed to factors such as gender discrimination. This column finds that regions covering over 200 million people in India ...

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Why is labour mobility in India so low?

Rural-to-urban migration is surprisingly low in India, compared with other large developing countries, leaving higher paying job opportunities unexploited. This column shows that well-functioning rura...

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