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Mobility and congestion in urban India

Urban transportation in developing countries is prioritised for massive investments, yet little is known about the determinants of urban mobility in these countries. This article applies a methodology...

  • Articles

How India’s internal borders inhibit migration

Indians, particularly men seeking education and jobs, display a puzzling reluctance to cross state borders. This article explores the reasons for this migration pattern. A major culprit is India’s s...

  • Articles

Seasonal migration and health in India: Constraints for research and practice

Seasonal migrants in India engage in temporary informal work in work environments that actively flout labour laws on wages, work hours, and living conditions. The most significant impact of this is on...

  • Notes from the Field
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Does it matter how we assess living standards in slums?

According to the 2011 Census, 17.4% of all urban households in India reside in slums. Analysing data from a household survey of slums in Delhi, Kolkata, and Mumbai, this column assesses living standa...

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India's slum leaders - I

India’s demographic shift to cities has been accompanied by a number of pressing governance and developmental challenges, among the most serious of which is the rampant spread of slum settlements. W...

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Financing Indian cities

Indian cities are fund-starved and unprepared to handle the stresses of rapid urbanisation in the country. Urban local bodies and municipal corporations, particularly in tier-2 and tier-3 cities, do ...

  • Perspectives

The puzzle of Indian urbanisation

The global experience has been that as countries develop, rural-to-urban migration accelerates, and decelerates only when the urbanisation level is very high – usually well over 50%. In contrast, m...

  • Perspectives

Household responses to information, communication of actions of community, incentives on solid waste management actions: A case study of Delhi househo

Delhi generates huge amounts of municipal solid waste per day. Given rising incomes, the already burgeoning mountains of waste will only grow further.

  • IGC Research on India

Constructing housing for the poor without destroying their communities

The Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana aims to achieve housing for all by 2022. However, vacancy of 23% was reported last year in urban housing built under the programme. In this article, Rohini Pande, conte...

  • Notes from the Field

The North-South urban paradox

Why is northern India experiencing faster urban growth but slower urbanisation relative to the South? This column addresses this question by highlighting the interconnection between the demographic t...

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Estimating economic value to the State from land title regularisation: Evidence from India

Nearly one in every six urban Indian residents lives in a slum that is created on encroached land. More than half of this land belongs to the government which often, for a variety of political, social...

  • IGC Research on India

Moving towards better definitions of 'urban' in India

According to the 2011 Census, 31% of the country is ‘urban’. Using definitions of urbanisation that are different from those used by the government, this column demonstrates that this figure may ...

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The missing men

Studies on skewed sex ratios in India typically focus on female deficits attributed to factors such as gender discrimination. This column finds that regions covering over 200 million people in India ...

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Driving restrictions in Delhi: Real benefits and warning signs

The driving restrictions policy that Delhi experimented with in January was implemented for a second time in April for a fortnight. This column finds that the policy lowered traffic congestion; the i...

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The Growth of Cities in India, 1870-2020

The aim of this project is to understand the determinants of city growth in India in the short run and over the long period. By analysing data on cities from every decennial Census conducted in India ...

  • IGC Research on India

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Most Popular Urbanisation Posts

Residential segregation in urban India and persistence of caste

B.R. Ambedkar had exhorted lower-caste people to move towards cities to defy localism and benefit from the virtues of cosmopolitanism that urbanisation might provide. Using 2011 enumeration block-leve...

  • Articles

Seasonal migration and health in India: Constraints for research and practice

Seasonal migrants in India engage in temporary informal work in work environments that actively flout labour laws on wages, work hours, and living conditions. The most significant impact of this is on...

  • Notes from the Field

Moving towards better definitions of 'urban' in India

According to the 2011 Census, 31% of the country is ‘urban’. Using definitions of urbanisation that are different from those used by the government, this column demonstrates that this figure may ...

  • Articles