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How India’s internal borders inhibit migration

Indians, particularly men seeking education and jobs, display a puzzling reluctance to cross state borders. This article explores the reasons for this migration pattern. A major culprit is India’s s...

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Congestion pricing to solve traffic jams? Not so fast!

The Lieutenant Governor of Delhi recently said that the city is likely to become the first in India to have congestion charges in certain stretches. This column reports results from an experimental p...

  • Articles

The puzzle of Indian urbanisation

The global experience has been that as countries develop, rural-to-urban migration accelerates, and decelerates only when the urbanisation level is very high – usually well over 50%. In contrast, m...

  • Perspectives
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Constructing housing for the poor without destroying their communities

The Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana aims to achieve housing for all by 2022. However, vacancy of 23% was reported last year in urban housing built under the programme. In this article, Rohini Pande, conte...

  • Notes

The North-South urban paradox

Why is northern India experiencing faster urban growth but slower urbanisation relative to the South? This column addresses this question by highlighting the interconnection between the demographic t...

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Estimating economic value to the State from land title regularisation: Evidence from India

Nearly one in every six urban Indian residents lives in a slum that is created on encroached land. More than half of this land belongs to the government which often, for a variety of political, social...

  • IGC Research on India

Rural-urban migration in Bihar

Over the last decade, Bihar has experienced rapid economic growth and increasing urbanisation. The purpose of this project was to investigate the patterns of migration in Bihar. The study found that m...

  • IGC Research on India

Moving towards better definitions of 'urban' in India

According to the 2011 Census, 31% of the country is ‘urban’. Using definitions of urbanisation that are different from those used by the government, this column demonstrates that this figure may ...

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The missing men

Studies on skewed sex ratios in India typically focus on female deficits attributed to factors such as gender discrimination. This column finds that regions covering over 200 million people in India ...

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Driving restrictions in Delhi: Real benefits and warning signs

The driving restrictions policy that Delhi experimented with in January was implemented for a second time in April for a fortnight. This column finds that the policy lowered traffic congestion; the i...

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The Growth of Cities in India, 1870-2020

The aim of this project is to understand the determinants of city growth in India in the short run and over the long period. By analysing data on cities from every decennial Census conducted in India ...

  • IGC Research on India

Data-jam: Could data reduce road congestion in Dhaka?

While urbanisation is key to economic growth, failure to address the downsides of the process - such as congestion - may deter the ability of cities to achieve their full growth potential. This colum...

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One step forward, one step back? Ahmedabad's evolving urban policy

India’s urbanisation process has come to be characterised by haphazard growth of cities, the costs of which are borne disproportionately by the poor. This column analyses Ahmedabad’s urban policy...

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India on the move: The commuting worker

About 25 million workers in India commute daily for work, from rural to urban areas or vice versa, or have no fixed place of work. This column finds that rural households with at least one rural-to-u...

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Growing through cities in India

Do cities grow through specialisation or diversity? This column measures specialisation and diversity for the manufacturing and services sectors in India. It finds that Indian districts with a broade...

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Shree Ravi

Boston University

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Yeseul Hyun

Boston University

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Simon Chauchard

Columbia University

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Cynthia Kinnan

Northwestern University

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Emily Breza

Harvard University

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Sharmila Kantha

Confederation of Indian Industry

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Dilip Mookherjee

Boston University

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Most Popular Urbanisation Posts

Congestion pricing to solve traffic jams? Not so fast!

The Lieutenant Governor of Delhi recently said that the city is likely to become the first in India to have congestion charges in certain stretches. This column reports results from an experimental p...

  • Articles

Real estate cross-subsidisation for infrastructure financing: A precarious solution for urban development?

A means of urban development financing that has emerged in Indian cities is real estate cross-subsidisation, whereby land along the mass rapid transit system corridors is offered to private developers...

  • Notes

The puzzle of Indian urbanisation

The global experience has been that as countries develop, rural-to-urban migration accelerates, and decelerates only when the urbanisation level is very high – usually well over 50%. In contrast, m...

  • Perspectives