I4I turns 2! Thank you readers, for your continued support and interest, and to everyone who joined us at the 2nd Anniversary Event. The video of the discussion between Abhijit Banerjee (MIT) & Mukul Kesavan (Jamia Milia) on "Emerging Challenges: Economic and Social" will be up on the website soon. Some photos from the event now available on the I4I Facebook Page.
Ashok Kotwal
The challenge of fulfilling aspirations
Posted on: 15 Jul 2014
The recent parliamentary election may turn out to be a watershed moment in Indian his ... read on »
I4I turns 1!
Posted on: 06 Aug 2013
It has been a year since the voice of ‘Ideas for India’ was first heard. Our mission was t ... read on »
For the New Year
Posted on: 21 Dec 2012
Five months ago we launched this portal to start new conversations on issues of vital impo ... read on »


Creating the climate for India’s low-carbon growth story
Varad Pande
Posted on: 28 Jul 2014
Topics:   Environment

The ‘Expert Group on Low Carbon Strategies for Inclusive Growth’ recently laid out a detailed roadmap for India to take on climate change mitigation proactively. In this note, Varad Pande – a member of the Expert Group – outlines the key strengths of the roadmap, and contends that India must now create the political and administrative climate to implement it.
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Impact of trade reforms on labour’s share of firm revenues
Reshad N. Ahsan , Devashish Mitra
Posted on: 25 Jul 2014
Topics:   Trade

The decline in labour’s share of national income in recent decades – a potential cause of rising inequality – has coincided with an increase in world trade. This column analyses the impact of trade reforms in India on labour’s share of total revenue at the firm level. It finds that the share of labour has been rising with reforms for small, labour-intensive firms.
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Turning to the pharmaceutical sector for enhancing India-Pakistan trade
Devyani Pande , Manoj Pant
Posted on: 23 Jul 2014
Topics:   Trade
Tags:   Pakistan

Various efforts have been made to normalise trade relations between India and Pakistan in the past few years; yet, several barriers remain. This column examines the trade potential in pharmaceuticals – a fast growing sector in world trade – between the two countries. It finds that there is huge, untapped potential in Indo-Pak pharmaceuticals trade, and suggests policy measures to propel trade and investment in the sector.
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Investment in Pakistan: Prospects and challenges for India
Samridhi Bimal
Posted on: 21 Jul 2014
Topics:   Economic Growth
Tags:   Pakistan , FDI

With the growing importance of India as a leading source of FDI in South Asia, and Pakistan’s liberal investment policies, there is great potential for Pakistan to attract FDI from India. This column examines prospects and challenges for Indian investment in Pakistan, and recommends policies that can create a mutually beneficial business environment for the two nations.
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Tell us what you really think: Measuring gender attitudes in Haryana
Diva Dhar , Tarun Jain , Seema Jayachandran
Posted on: 18 Jul 2014
Topics:   Gender
Tags:   Haryana

Changing basic gender attitudes may be crucial for alleviating discrimination against women and improving gender outcomes. This column describes a unique measurement tool developed by social psychologists, which was adapted to measure gender attitudes of school children in the state of Haryana. It finds that both boys and girls in grades six and seven display strong same-gender preferences, with boys disproportionately associating females with negative attributes and vice versa.
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Modi’s first Budget for India: Disappointing but retrievable
Arvind Subramanian
Posted on: 15 Jul 2014

In this article, Arvind Subramanian contends that while Modi’s first Budget was good on vision, it fell short in terms of fiscal adjustment, budgetary transparency and credibility, and specificity and timelines on important policy actions. In his view, these shortcomings are remediable over time as the government forges the required political deals and improves administrative capacity to implement difficult policy actions.
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The challenge of fulfilling aspirations
Ashok Kotwal
Posted on: 15 Jul 2014

This year’s election is a watershed in Indian history. This editorial discusses possible reasons for the stunning defeat of the previous government. While there is no denying that the previous government could be faulted for many things including creating a leadership vacuum and letting corruption go unchecked, the knockout blow came from its inability to reform the institutions that are responsible for fulfilling legitimate aspirations of the masses. What should the central government do?

Ashok Kotwal will be moderating a Panel Discussion on “Emerging Challenges: Economic and Social” between Abhijit Banerjee (MIT) and Mukul Kesavan (Jamia Milia) on 16th July, 6-8 pm, Le Meridien Hotel, New Delhi.

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Improving children’s learning: Challenges and priorities for the new government
Rukmini Banerji
Posted on: 14 Jul 2014
Topics:   Education
Tags:   schooling

Over the last 15 years, continued effort to universalise access to elementary education in India has resulted in high enrolment rates in schools. Now that most children are in school, policy and planning efforts are beginning to focus on improving their learning levels. This note contends that it is imperative for the new government to maintain, monitor and strengthen this priority and improve mechanisms for achieving learning goals.
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Two views on the Budget
Eswar Prasad , Bharat Ramaswami
Posted on: 12 Jul 2014

The Modi government’s first Budget has received a mixed response. Eswar Prasad and Bharat Ramaswami present two distinct views on the Budget. While Prasad is of the opinion that the Budget hits the right notes and emphasises some key policy priorities, Ramaswami believes that a coherent policy and worldview is yet to emerge.
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Keys to successful reform in India
Eswar Prasad
Posted on: 09 Jul 2014

The new Indian government’s first budget - due to be unveiled this week – will be an important indicator of how forcefully the new PM intends to translate his mandate of putting India’s economy back on track into effective actions. This article contends that both strategy and specifics will be crucial for this budget to effectively kick-start economic reforms.
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