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India’s foreign reserves and global risk

India’s foreign exchange reserves, relative to GDP, have been on the rise. This article examines the motives behind the hoarding of reserves by central banks, and if adequate reserves are held for purposes such as precaution against extreme capital flows. Focusing on the Indian context, it assesse...

  • Articles

Content Type: Articles
Topic: Money & Finance
Year: 2024

Female leadership in corporate India: Firm performance and culture

Under the Companies Act, 2013, all listed firms in India are required to have at least one woman on their board. This article finds that having at least one woman on board leads to better economic performance and lower financial risk for large and medium-sized firms. Further, higher share of women i...

  • Articles

Content Type: Articles
Topic: Productivity & Innovation
Year: 2024

Ideas@IPF2024 series: Research from NCAER’s India Policy Forum

Every year, National Council of Applied Economic Research hosts the India Policy Forum, a platform where economists and policymakers dissect research ideas for their relevance to public policy. Following the 21st edition of IPF held on 2-3 July, Ideas for India presents the Ideas@IPF2024 series, in...

  • Symposium

Content Type: Symposium
Topic: Miscellany
Year: 2024

Eco-budget in Karnataka: Opportunities and challenges

In its 2022-23 budget, the government of Karnataka announced an allocation of Rs. 100 crore to compensate for the negative impact of natural events and human activities on forests. In this post, M Balasubramanian contends that while this is a welcome step, the financial allocation – based on an ev...

  • Perspectives

Content Type: Perspectives
Topic: Environment
Year: 2024

100 million tonnes of cereals are missing… every year

In an earlier I4I post, Drèze and Oldiges drew attention to India’s ‘cereal gap’ – a large difference between net availability of cereals and household consumption. In this post, they use recently released consumption survey data, and find that the gap is more than twice as large as their e...

  • Perspectives

Content Type: Perspectives
Topic: Agriculture
Year: 2024

Managing India’s demographic transition

India’s population is expected to peak at about 1.7 billion in 2064, and while the current median age is only 28, the share of Indians aged 65 and above will go from 7% to 20% in the next 40 years or so. Has India been able to take advantage of its demographic dividend of a large working-age popul...

  • Videos

Content Type: Videos
Topic: Human Development
Year: 2024

Managing India’s demographic transition

India’s population is expected to peak at about 1.7 billion in 2064, and while the current median age is only 28, the share of Indians aged 65 and above will go from 7% to 20% in the next 40 years or so. Has India been able to take advantage of its demographic dividend of a large working-age popul...

  • Podcasts

Content Type: Podcasts
Topic: Human Development
Year: 2024

EU’s ‘Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism’: How will it impact trade?

Introduced in 2023 by the European Union, the ‘Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism’ will apply a carbon price on emissions embedded in the production of carbon-intensive goods imported to the region. In this post, Gupta, Pandey and Sapatnekar contend that the initiative can impact trade competiti...

  • Perspectives

Content Type: Perspectives
Topic: Trade
Year: 2024

Subcontracting linkages in India’s informal economy

Subcontracting relationships with larger firms are considered key to facilitating the growth of informal enterprises. Using four rounds of National Sample Survey data on Indian informal manufacturing during 2001-2016, this article examines the nature and patterns of subcontracting linkages for infor...

  • Articles

Content Type: Articles
Topic: Productivity & Innovation
Year: 2024

Green is good: Risk insights into Indian green stocks

While consistent financial flows towards climate resilience are crucial, there is a recent global trend of withdrawal of investment from ‘green assets’. Given the centrality of potential risk-adjusted returns in investor decisions, this article analyses publicly available daily data on domestic ...

  • Articles

Content Type: Articles
Topic: Money & Finance
Year: 2024

Embracing the melody of dissent: A symphony in policymaking

In recent times, members of the Monetary Policy Committee of the Reserve Bank of India, have expressed views that are contrary to the MPC’s official stance. This article investigates the influence of dissent within the Committee on forecasts of professional forecasters regarding growth and inflati...

  • Articles

Content Type: Articles
Topic: Money & Finance
Year: 2024

Food, fuel, and facts: Distributional effects of global price shocks

The recent upsurge in global prices of essential commodities of food and fuel, warrants an analysis of the distributional ramifications, especially within developing economies. This article examines Indian household consumption and income data, and finds that on average, increases in these prices ad...

  • Articles

Content Type: Articles
Topic: Macroeconomics
Year: 2024