Tag Search: “maternal & child health”

Maternal health services utilisation: Has the rich-poor gap declined?

Various studies have noted that vast inequalities – economic and socio-demographic – exist in maternal, newborn, and child health outcomes and utilisation of care services. In this post, Sohini Paul explores how inequality in the use of these services changed in the 10 years following the launch...

  • Perspectives

Expected income support and child health

Government of India’s maternity support programme – Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana – seeks to provide income support to pregnant women and lactating mothers in rural India. Evaluating the programme in Bihar, this article finds that even though payments are delayed, the programme leads to ...

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Research, for whom?

In this note, Dr Abhay Bang discusses the importance of research in development. Giving examples from his 30 years of experience of working in the social sector, he contends that the power of knowledge- and evidence-based action is far greater than just action. He emphasises the need to promote a cu...

  • Notes

C-section deliveries and the role of the private health sector in India

India, like the rest of the world, is witnessing an upward trend in caesarean-section (C-section) deliveries – with the proportion of C-section deliveries rising even faster in private health facilities. Using data from the latest round of the National Family Health Survey, this article investigat...

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Can double-fortified salt in school mid-day meals help reduce anaemia?

Micronutrient malnutrition is a major risk factor for more than half of the daily under-five deaths in India. It leads to iron-deficiency anaemia, which especially affects pregnant women, and young and adolescent children. Based on an intervention in Bihar, this article estimates the impact of suppl...

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Financial incentives and the fertility-sex ratio trade-off in India

Fertility reduction and a gender-balanced population often appear to be conflicting objectives in countries with persistent son preference and easy access to sex-selection technology, as targeting one may worsen the other. This article finds that financial incentive programmes that reward parents th...

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Reducing maternal mortality in India: A four-pronged strategy

While India’s maternal mortality rate declined substantially during 2004-2006 to 2014-2016, at an annual rate of 5%, the reduction is still short of what is required to achieve the National Health Policy target. Jithin Jose proposes a four-pronged strategy to sustain and accelerate the decline, RA...

  • Perspectives

Maternal Hours of Work during Pregnancy: an Evaluation of a CCT Programme in India

The Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY) is a conditional cash transfer (CCT) aimed at expectant mothers in the informal sector, aiming to provide the income to enable a reduction in work hours in late pregnancy and immediately following delivery. This project studied the effect of IGMSY on ...

  • IGC Research on India

Religion and abortion: The role of politician identity

Debates surrounding abortion invoke both religion and politics. This column examines whether the religious identity of legislators influences abortion rates in the districts in which they are elected, conditional upon their party affiliation. It finds that the election of one additional Muslim legis...

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Despite improvements in child health, why do so many newborns still die?

The ‘Million Death Study’ shows that the death rate of under-five children in India dropped from about 90 per 1,000 to about 47 during 2000-2015. However, improvements in death rates in the first month of life have been slow, and deaths from low birthweight remained largely unchanged. In this ar...

  • Perspectives

Gorakhpur's Japanese Encephalitis malady

The recent controversy around multiple child deaths in a public hospital in Gorakhpur district in Uttar Pradesh has brought the focus back on Japanese Encephalitis – the child killer disease. In this article, Smriti Sharma contends that a holistic, intersectoral approach is required to tackle the ...

  • Perspectives

Political decentralisation, female leadership, and health in rural Bihar

Political decentralisation and female representation in governance are known to improve social welfare by influencing policy decisions in favour of women and children. Analysing data from rural Bihar, this column finds that having a female leader at the village council level has a strong positive as...

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