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Odisha Millets Mission: An update at the end of IYM 2023

In the sixth and final post of the e-Symposium on ‘Carrying forward the promise of International Year of Millets’, Banerjee and Kundu discuss the extent to which policies implemented as a part of ...

  • Notes from the Field

DRAMA at the farm gate

Describing the new ‘APMC (Agricultural Produce Market Committee) Bypass Act’ as a ‘Dual Regulation of Agricultural Marketing Act’ or DRAMA, Jean Drèze argues that the legislation's odd framew...

  • Perspectives

Land misallocation and industrial development

Although a large share of land in India is used for cultivation, large tracts of this are unproductive and produce low crop yields. In this post, Dasgupta and Rao explain their calculations to determi...

  • Articles
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The 10,000 FPOs scheme ignores women farmers

In this piece, Shilpa Vasavada puts forth her concern that if we don’t revisit the new Farmer Producer Organisations (FPO) guidelines with a gender lens, women in the agriculture sector will be left...

  • Perspectives

Digital agricultural extension: Stimulating or supplanting farmers’ interactions?

Governments and non-profit organisations are increasingly reliant on using digital technologies to deliver information. In the context of agricultural extension in Gujarat, this article looks at wheth...

  • Articles

Wheat export ban and heat stress: Balancing the trade-off between food security and farmers’ income

The recent imposition of a ban on wheat exports, in a bid to ensure food security, has meant that farmers will not realise the benefits from the recent increase in global wheat prices. In this post, K...

  • Perspectives

Addressing the economic trade-offs of interlinkages in contemporary agrarian markets

Agrarian markets often see interlinked market transactions – the arhatiya deals with the farmer in both the crop market as a commission agent, and in the credit market as a moneylender. In this post...

  • Perspectives

Easing contracting frictions with machines: Evidence from Karnataka

Productivity-enhancing technology adoption in agriculture, which makes workers available for other economic sectors, has long been considered essential for economic development. Based on a field exper...

  • Articles

Higher poultry prices and policy (or data) gap

Food and agricultural prices have been rising over the past two years – particularly so for pulses and livestock. In this post, Saini and Das track livestock and feed prices, and identify the key dr...

  • Perspectives

Gendering technological change: Evidence from agricultural mechanisation

Rising mechanisation in Indian agriculture has been accompanied by reduction in farm employment in rural areas, particularly for women. This article shows that the observed 32 percentage point increas...

  • Articles

Impact of agricultural reforms in Bihar: Test case for new farm laws

The 2020 farm laws have been opposed by several farmers due to their possible use for corporate takeover of agriculture, removal of APMC mandis, and dilution of minimum support price and public procur...

  • Articles

Addressing the nutrition crisis: Reflections from Odisha Millets Mission

The state of Odisha has a severe malnutrition problem, and evidence shows that increasing risks of climate change will render the resource-intensive, rice-wheat cropping system unsustainable. In this ...

  • Notes from the Field

Webinar video: Putting farmers first

In December 2020, the India Programme of the International Growth Centre (IGC) and Asian Development Research Institute (ADRI) organised a webinar on ‘Putting Farmers First’. The panel comprised S...

  • Videos

Drought relief by state governments: Evidence from South India

In developing countries, extreme climate events can have disastrous consequences for vulnerable populations. This article analyses state government’s responses to droughts in South India during 2008...

  • Articles

Budget 2021-22: Agriculture, procurement, and food security

Discussing agriculture, procurement, and food security in the context of the 2021-22 Budget, Hussain and Mohapatra contend that reforms affecting millions of farmers can only be achieved by preparing ...

  • Perspectives

Recent Contributors


Camille Boudot-Reddy

Birkbeck, University of London


André Butler

University of Cambridge


Manaswini Rao

University of Delaware


Elisabeth Sadoulet

University of California, Berkeley


Alain de Janvry

University of California, Berkeley

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India's farm crisis: Decades old and with deep roots

In this Perspectives piece, Prof. Himanshu argues that the crisis in Indian agriculture today is not a new one; it goes back many years. Therefore, the problems of farmers cannot be addressed by the b...

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