Connecting the Red Corridor: Infrastructure Provision in Conflict Zones

  • Blog Post Date 31 October, 2014
  • IGC Research on India
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Oliver Eynde

Paris School of Economics

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Jacob Shapiro

Princeton University

This project introduces a unique, integrated dataset on Maoist activity, three flagship programmes for rural infrastructure development (PMGSY, RGGVY, and USOF), and a dedicated programme targeted at India’s Left Wing Extremism (LWE) regions. The data reveals that Maoist-affected villages were not targeted differentially for the flagship programmes, but did attract more Integrated Action Plan (IAP) projects. The relationship between Maoist activity (at the village or district level) and programme performance appears to be complex. Regression results are partially in line with a large body of qualitative evidence on the importance of disruption. Nevertheless, the project notes some cases in which programme completion is faster (USOF) or appears to be cheaper (PMGSY and IAP) in Maoist-affected areas.

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