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Social Identity

Expanding opportunities in India’s labour market: Gender, skills, and migration

In September 2019, the International Growth Centre (IGC) organised a panel discussion in New Delhi to bring together experts to deliberate on the evidence around the causes of low female labour force ...

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Fifteen years of gender budgeting in India: A Retrospective

In this year’s Union Budget, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced that she will constitute a committee to evaluate 15 years of gender budgeting. It entails looking at the budget through the...

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Religion, minority status, and trust

A key factor that drives segmentation in societies is group identities along various dimensions. This column seeks to understand the effects of identity on individual behaviour. Based on an artefactu...

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Nakusha: Son preference, ‘unwanted’ girls, and gender gaps in schooling

Indian society is commonly associated with a strong cultural preference for sons. Using nationally representative data from 1986-2017, this article examines parental investment in the education of son...

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Atrocities, murders, and untouchability: Measuring caste-based discrimination

How can we best measure inter-caste tension and discrimination in India? In this post, Victoire Girard highlights the limitations of using statistics compiled under the Prevention of Atrocities Act, w...

  • Perspectives

Covid-19: ‘Shadow pandemic’ and violence against women

Violence against women is a problem worldwide, with economic costs ranging from 1% to 4% of global GDP. This article investigates if the magnitudes and types of violence against women have changed dur...

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Demographic shocks and female labour force participation: Evidence from 1918 flu pandemic

The Influenza pandemic of 1918 killed about 5% of India’s population. This article finds that districts most adversely affected by influenza mortality saw a temporary increase in the country’s fem...

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How mothers-in-law influence women’s social networks and reproductive health

Restrictive social norms and strategic constraints imposed by family members can limit women’s access to and benefit from social networks. Based on a survey in rural Uttar Pradesh, this article show...

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Does caste identity still matter for occupational choice?

In today’s India, to what extent do people avoid jobs solely due to their sense of caste identity? This article discusses an experiment in rural Odisha that involves offering one-day jobs to workers...

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Son preference, maternal health, and women’s survival: A cross-cultural analysis

Lifetime risk of maternal death in developing countries is 33 times higher as compared to the developed world. This article examines the role of cultural norms in influencing maternal morbidity and mo...

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IGC Panel Discussion on gender and education: From policy to practice

The International Growth Centre, in collaboration with the Asian Development Research Institute (ADRI), the Gender Resource Centre (GRC), the Women Development Corporation of the Government of Bihar, ...

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Prejudice in a pandemic: Covid rumours and factory labour supply

Since the Tablighi Jamaat event – an Islamic congregation held in Delhi in mid-March – led to a large cluster of Covid cases, malicious rumours about Muslims spreading the disease started circulat...

  • Notes from the Field

IGC Panel Discussion: Women’s economic empowerment

In December 2019, the India Programme of the International Growth Centre (IGC), organised a panel discussion on ‘Women Economic Empowerment: Constraint & Solutions’ in Patna, in collaboration with...

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Covid-19: Lockdown and domestic abuse

As governments across the globe enforce lockdowns of varying degrees to mitigate the spread of Coronavirus, a horrifying fallout has been a surge in reports of domestic violence in several countries, ...

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Women in the economy: Emerging issues

As the world adjusts to the new reality brought on by the Covid-19 pandemic, the workspaces of the future may look very different from what they are today. How would these changes impact women? To bet...

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Recent Contributors

Ashwini

Ashwini Deshpande

Ashoka University

Apoorva

Apoorva Gupta

Delhi School of Economics

Sandip

Sandip Sukhtankar

University of Virginia

Victoire

Victoire Girard

Nova School of Business & Economics

Debraj

Debraj Ray

New York University

S.

S. Subramanian

Independent Researcher

Minu

Minu Philip

New York University

Farzana

Farzana Afridi

Indian Statistical Institute, Delhi Centre

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Most Popular Social Identity Posts

Sex ratios and religion in India and South Asia

In South Asia, low child sex ratios are increasingly an isolated Indian phenomenon. Within India, child sex ratios are ‘normal’ among Christians and Muslims but much lower among Hindus, Sikhs, and...

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Impact of the two-child limit for local politicians

Some Indian states debar individuals with more than two children from contesting local elections. This column finds that while the law has significantly reduced fertility among the general population...

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Political reservation in India: The effect on poverty

Over the last 60 years, India’s Constitution has set aside seats in parliament for people from historically discriminated groups, the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. This column documents one...

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