Human Development

Defining Teacher Quality in India

  • Blog Post Date 31 December, 2014
  • IGC Research on India
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Mehtabul Azam

Oklahama State University

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Geeta Gandhi Kingdon

University College London

Using administrative data from linked private schools from one of districts in India that matches 8,319 pupils to their subject-specific teachers at the senior secondary level, the project estimates the importance of individual teachers on student outcomes in the high-stake senior secondary exam (at the end of twelfth grade). The project finds a considerable variability in teacher effectiveness over a two year course—a one standard deviation improvement in teacher quality adds 0.38 standard deviation points in students score. Furthermore, consistent with studies in the US, this study finds that although teacher quality matters, the observed characteristics explain little of the variability in teacher quality.

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