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On the perils of embedded experiments

  • Perspectives

Role of history in shaping India’s economic development

As India is now completing 75 years of Independence, two big questions loom over the conversation around India’s economic development: How successful was the Indian economy before and during colonia...

  • Podcasts

Left and right: Examining the evolution of political ideologies

With the advent of globalisation, the struggle between the ‘left’ and ‘right’ – as defined in Marxian terms – rapidly evolved from one between economic ideologies, to cultural wars. In thi...

  • Videos

Culture and development

How did human society evolve from being organised predominantly around large kin-based networks, to one with strong notions of individualism? To examine this question, Joseph Henrich (Harvard Universi...

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Stewardship as the way forward in fighting global antimicrobial resistance

With the World Health Organization's emphasis on stewardship and working together against antimicrobial resistance (AMR), the authors consider the importance of certain agents in preventing AMR. Looki...

  • Articles

Banks, finance and the 2022 Economics Nobel Prize

This year the Nobel Prize in Economics was awarded to Ben Bernanke, Douglas Diamond and Philip Dybvig for their work on the role of banks in the economy, particularly during financial crises. In this ...

  • Perspectives

Jacques Drèze’s intellectual journey

Eminent economist Jacques Drèze passed away on 25 September 2022 at the age of 93. Professor Drèze was known for his contributions to economic theory and public policy, from general equilibrium anal...

  • Perspectives

Potential to further strengthen the Census Act

In reference to the Census (Amendment) Rules introduced in March 2022, Garhwal and Sapre outline the scope to further strengthen the Census Act and its administration. With the introduction of self-en...

  • Perspectives

The man who loved forests

On Ideas for India’s 10th anniversary, our Editor-in-Chief Parikshit Ghosh pens a tribute honouring the late Ashok Kotwal, whose vision and values percolated our portal’s character to make it a ve...

  • Editors Corner

I4I: A quick look at a decade in the making

On the 10th anniversary of Ideas for India (I4I), we take a look at some of our major achievements and key moments since our launch on 19 July, 2012. Spearheaded by the late Prof. Ashok Kotwal and a...

  • Videos

Introducing I4I's new Editor-in-Chief & Co-Editors

Ideas for India (I4I) is pleased to announce the appointment of Prof. Parikshit Ghosh as its new Editor-in-Chief. He succeeds I4I's founding Editor-in-Chief, the late Prof. Ashok Kotwal.

  • Editors Corner

Prof. Rohini Somanathan remembers Prof. Ashok Kotwal

Prof Rohini Somanathan pens a heartfelt tribute to our founder Editor-in-Chief Ashok Kotwal.

  • Perspectives

Prof. Bharat Ramaswami remembers Prof. Ashok Kotwal

Prof Bharat Ramaswami pens a heartfelt tribute to our founder Editor-in-Chief Prof. Ashok Kotwal.

  • Perspectives

Ashwini Kulkarni remembers Prof. Ashok Kotwal

Ashwini Kulkarni pens a heartfelt tribute to our founder Editor-in-Chief Prof. Ashok Kotwal.

  • Perspectives

Prof. Anand Swamy remembers Prof. Ashok Kotwal

Prof. Anand V. Swamy writes a heartfelt account of how Prof. Ashok Kotwal came to influence him.

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Memories of Ashok Kotwal

Prof. Jean Drèze pens a heartfelt tribute to our founder Editor-in-Chief Prof. Ashok Kotwal.

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Recent Contributors


Chirantan Chatterjee

University of Sussex


Anindya Chakrabarti

Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad


Matthew J. Higgins

University of Utah


Amartya Lahiri

University of British Columbia


Jean Drèze

Ranchi University; Delhi School of Economics


Amey Sapre

National Institute of Public Finance and Policy


Harshvardhan Singh Garhwal

Indian Statistical Service


Parikshit Ghosh

Editor-in-Chief, I4I; Delhi School of Economics

View all Contributors

Most Popular Miscellany Posts

Evidence, policy, and politics

Commenting on the concept of evidence-based policy, Jean Drèze argues that the relation between evidence and policy needs further thought. Based on his involvement with social policy in India, he bel...

  • Perspectives

On the perils of embedded experiments

There is growing interest in ‘embedded experiments’, conducted by researchers and policymakers as a team. Aside from their potential scale, the main attraction of these experiments is that they se...

  • Perspectives

The particulars of social policy in India: Evidence, State capacity, and policy design

Economist-activist Jean Drèze has argued that economists are no better equipped to comment on development policy design than other social science researchers and other stakeholders, and that policyma...

  • Perspectives