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A quiet revolution: The case of primary education in Uttar Pradesh

The challenge in India’s school education system today is how to translate years of schooling into learning. While there is reason to lament the learning crisis, a quiet movement is taking place in ...

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It runs in the family: Parents’ education and child learning outcomes

Early life learning is known to influence later life outcomes like schooling, employment, and income. It is thus vital to identify strategies to enhance child learning in schools. This article examine...

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Labelled loans and sanitation investments

Rural Indian households report lack of affordability as the main reason for not having a toilet. This article investigates – through an experiment in rural Maharashtra – whether microcredit labell...

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Child health, fertility, and sex ratio: India vs. Bangladesh

Despite having lower per capita income, Bangladesh has superior performance over India on key welfare indicators. This article compares the experiences of India and Bangladesh on several key indicator...

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The role of informal rural healthcare providers in universal health coverage

Millions of private informal healthcare providers provide essential doorstep health services to rural households in India. The law has not succeeded in reducing the informal healthcare market as there...

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Providing information on school quality in a dysfunctional public education system

Insufficient school accountability and limited parental awareness of school quality can result in poor learning outcomes of students. This article reports the results of a randomised experiment in rur...

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Why we still need to measure open defecation in rural India

On October 2, the government will host the UN Secretary General and other international delegates at the Mahatma Gandhi International Sanitation Convention, to celebrate India’s progress on ending o...

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Kerala vaccination policy: Is it feasible for other states too?

In a drastic step to ensure that all children below five years of age are fully vaccinated, the Kerala government introduced a draft health policy in February 2018, which made vaccination compulsory f...

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Income risks and schooling investment in rural Bihar

Income and earnings are highly volatile in developing countries as a majority of the population relies on agriculture or informal jobs for their livelihood. Based on a primary survey in rural Bihar, t...

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National Health Stack: A job half well-done

To support the implementation of the recently launched National Health Protection Scheme, NITI Aayog has proposed the creation of digital infrastructure called National Health Stack. In this post, Smr...

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How retail drug markets in poor countries develop

We need effective, affordable medicines to confront the alarming burden of infectious diseases in the developing world. However, many of the drugs for sale in developing countries are of poor quality....

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Maternal health services utilisation: Has the rich-poor gap declined?

Various studies have noted that vast inequalities – economic and socio-demographic – exist in maternal, newborn, and child health outcomes and utilisation of care services. In this post, Sohini Pa...

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Designing India’s national healthcare protection: Challenges and opportunities

The burden of non-communicable diseases, requiring costly hospital-based treatment, is increasing in India, and only 15% of the population has health insurance coverage. The Modi government recently i...

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How sanitation facilities in schools can improve educational outcomes

The Indian government launched the School Sanitation and Hygiene Education programme in 1999 to build latrines in schools. Analysing data from nearly 140,000 schools in 2003 - some of which received a...

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Expected income support and child health

Government of India’s maternity support programme – Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana – seeks to provide income support to pregnant women and lactating mothers in rural India. Evaluating the p...

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A quiet revolution: The case of primary education in Uttar Pradesh

The challenge in India’s school education system today is how to translate years of schooling into learning. While there is reason to lament the learning crisis, a quiet movement is taking place in ...

  • Notes