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Money & Finance

Budget 2021-22: Case for a ‘bad bank’

  • Perspectives

‘Bad bank’: A good idea in bad times

Commenting on the ‘bad bank’ proposal of the 2021-22 Union Budget, K Srinivasa Rao contends that the bad bank is a good idea in bad times – as a transitory solution with defined timelines – bu...

  • Perspectives

Policymaking at a time of high risk-aversion

The key issues in the Indian financial sector in general, and banking in particular, are bearing risk and allocating capital. These are especially important now as India enters into a prolonged phase ...

  • Perspectives

Are moneylenders financial intermediaries?

A majority of borrowing in rural households in developing countries is from informal lenders. This article examines the relationship between these informal lenders and banks in rural India, from the e...

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Notes ban: Modinomics vs. Moditics

Maitreesh Ghatak, Professor of Economics at the London School of Economics, contends that while the ban on high-denomination currency notes is bad economics, it is a brilliant political move.

  • Perspectives

Demonetisation and rural cooperative banks

The RBI has barred rural cooperative banks from exchanging or accepting the denotified Rs. 1,000 and 500 notes. In this article, Ajay Vir Jakhar of Bharat Krishak Samaj - a non-partisan association of...

  • Notes from the Field

A monetary economics view of the demonetisation

The demonetised Rs. 1,000 and 500 notes were 86% of the total volume of cash in India. In this article, Ajay Shah, Professor at NIPFP, argues that if a significant scale of firm failure were to come a...

  • Perspectives

Going cashless but thinking cash?

In this article, Bappaditya Mukhopadhyay, Professor of Economics and Finance at the Great Lakes Institute of Management, contends that switching from a predominantly cash-based to cashless economy nee...

  • Perspectives

Picking up the pieces

In an earlier article , Pronab Sen, Country Director, IGC India Central, examined some of the economic consequences of the recent demonetisation of Rs. 1,000 and 500 notes in India, and concluded that...

  • Perspectives

Policymaking in the ‘grey zone’

Prerna Mukharya, Founder of Outline India – a social enterprise that focuses on data collection, impact assessments and evaluation studies, predominantly working with rural populations in remote are...

  • Notes from the Field

Currency shock: Does the gain justify the strain?

On the evening of 8 November, PM Modi announced that 1,000 and 500 rupee notes will cease to be legal tender post-midnight. In this article, Parikshit Ghosh, Associate Professor of Economics at the D...

  • Perspectives

Kisan Credit Card programme: Expanded access to credit or expansion of credit?

Kisan Credit Card programme - a key reform in agricultural lending in India - has been operational for almost 20 years now. However, there is little empirical evidence of its impact on intended benefi...

  • Articles

Assessing the impact of listing on access to finance for small and medium enterprises

Small and medium enterprises are globally viewed as an engine of economic growth. However, growth in this sector is often limited by access to external finance due, in part, to SMEs being informationa...

  • IGC Research on India

Public sector banks: The more things change, the more they stay the same

Banks Board Bureau has been set up to help the government appoint heads of public sector banks (PSBs) and to advise on important issues in banking. In this article, Gurbachan Singh asks basic question...

  • Perspectives

Land and financial misallocation in India

Optimising the allocation of factors of production – land, capital and labour - improves productivity. In India, where evidence suggests land is severely misallocated to inefficient manufacturing fi...

  • Articles

Access to credit and female labour supply in India

While microfinance is believed to have the potential to increase female labour force participation, short-term experimental evaluations of microfinance have not found significant economic benefits for...

  • IGC Research on India

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London School of Economics

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Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

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