Social Identity

International Women’s Day 2021

  • Blog Post Date 03 March, 2021
  • Perspectives
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8 March is observed across the world as International Women’s Day. This year, the theme is “choose to challenge”, focussing on the choice to challenge gender bias and inequality, celebrate women’s achievements, and help create an inclusive world. Watch this space – and our social media pages – as we highlight curated I4I content and upcoming IGC events on related issues.

LSE Festival 2021: Shaping the post-Covid world

Date: 5 March 2021

Panel Discussion: Accelerating Gender Equality in India post-Covid

Speakers: Farzana Afridi (Indian Statistical Institute, Delhi Centre), Diva Dhar (Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation), Naila Kabeer (London School of Economics)

To mark International Women’s Day 2021, this event will explore how India can adopt more gender-inclusive policy planning and implementation to manage the impact of Covid-19. This event is part of the LSE Festival: Shaping the Post-Covid World running from 1 March to 6 March 2021, with a series of events exploring the direction the world could and should be taking after the crisis and how social science research can shape it. The full programme is available at

Register here to attend.

Women in the Economy - Contemporary Issues and the Way Forward

Date: 12 March 2021

This panel discussion is being organised by Women Development Corporation, Government of Bihar, International Growth Centre (IGC), and Asian Development Research Institute (ADRI).

Speakers: Ashwini Deshpande (Ashoka University), Balamurugan D (Bihar Rural Livelihoods Promotion Society - JEEViKA), Priya Nanda (Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation), Sher Singh Verick (International Labour Organisation), Shubha Chakravarty (World Bank) and Soumya Kapoor Mehta (IWWAGE)

Register here to attend.

I4I Content

Women and work

Gendered breadwinner norms and work decisions - Sakshi Gupta (Columbia University)

What explains the low and stagnating female labour force participation in India?Stephan Klasen (University of Göttingen)

Employment entry and exit by women in India - Soham Sahoo (Indian Institute of Management Bangalore), Sudipa Sarkar (University of Warwick)

Demographic shocks and female labour force participation: Evidence from 1918 flu pandemic - James Fenske (University of Warwick), Bishnupriya Gupta (University of Warwick), Song Yuan (University of Warwick)

A family affair: Family members’ role in female employment decisions in India - Joshua Dean (University of Chicago), Seema Jayachandran (Northwestern University)

Does the gender of your co-worker matter? Evidence from call centresDeepshika Batheja (Centre for Disease Dynamics, Economics and Policy)
[Video] [Read in Hindi]

Does a fear of violence affect female labour supply in India? - Zahra Siddique (University of Bristol)
[Read in Hindi] [Infographic] [Hindi infographic]

The anomaly of women’s work and education in IndiaSurbhi Ghai (ICRIER)

Addressing gender gaps in education

‘Missing’ women in economics academia in India - Upasak Das (University of Manchester), Ambrish Dongre, Karan Singhal (IIM Ahmedabad)

Preferences or expectations? Understanding the gender gap in choice of college majors - Aparajita Dasgupta (Ashoka University), Anisha Sharma (Ashoka University)

Perceived risk of street harassment and college choice of women in DelhiGirija Borker (World Bank)

Nakusha: Son preference, ‘unwanted’ girls, and gender gaps in schoolingAshwini Deshpande (Ashoka University), Apoorva Gupta (Delhi School of Economics)
[Read in Hindi] [Video] [Hindi video]

Why do parents invest in girls’ education? Evidence from rural India - Abigail Adams (University of Oxford), Alison Andrew (Institute of Fiscal Studies)
[Read in Hindi]

The precocious period: Impact of early menarche on schooling in IndiaMadhulika Khanna (Georgetown University)
[Read in Hindi]

Women’s well-being and maternal health

Evaluating India’s maternal cash transfer programmes -Stefan Klonner, Paula Von Haaren (Heidelberg University)

Using phone surveys to measure mental healthDiane Coffey (University of Texas at Austin), Payal Hathi (University of California, Berkeley), Nazar Khalid (University of Pennsylvania), Amit Thorat (Jawaharlal Nehru University)

How has Covid-19 crisis affected the urban poor? Findings from a phone survey - I - Farzana Afridi (ISI, Delhi Centre), Amrita Dhillon, Sanchari Roy (Kings College London). Part II.
[Video] [Read in Hindi Part I | Part II] [Hindi Video]

Is maternal health in India worse than we thought?Diane Coffey (University of Texas at Austin)

How mothers-in-law influence women’s social networks and reproductive health - Catalina Herrera Almanza (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign), S. Anukriti (World Bank), Mahesh Karra (Boston University)
[Read in Hindi] [Infographic] [Hindi Infographic]

Gender-based violence and women’s safety

Covid-19: ‘Shadow pandemic’ and violence against womenSaravana Ravindran (National University of Singapore), Manisha Shah (UCLA Luskin)
[Read in Hindi] [Video]

Women's economic empowerment and domestic violence - Aparna Mathur (White House Council of Economic Advisers)
[Read in Hindi] [Video] [Hindi video]

How women’s age at marriage impacts domestic violence - Gaurav Dhamija (CEFEE), Puranjit Roychowdhury (University of Nottingham)
[Read in Hindi] [Hindi video] [Infographic] [Hindi infographic]

Access to toilets and public safety of women - Kanika Mahajan (Ashoka University), Sheetal Sekhri (University of Virginia)
[Read in Hindi] [Video] [Hindi video]

Creating safe public spaces for women and alcohol consumption in barsSaloni Khurana (Indian Institute of Foreign Trade), Kanika Mahajan (Ashoka University)
[Read in Hindi]

Women’s political participation

Leaders and citizens: Women’s political participation in India - Nalini Gulati, Ella Spencer (IGC)

The road not taken: Gender gaps along paths to political power - Lakshmi Iyer (University of Notre Dame), Anandi Mani (Blavatnik School of Government)

Are women politicians good for economic growth? - Sonia Bhalotra (University of Essex)
[IGC Video] [Read in Hindi]

Women leaders and deceptive behaviour Lata Gangadharan (Monash University), Pushkar Maitra (Monash University), Tarun Jain (IIM Ahmedabad), Joseph Vecci (University of Gothenberg)

Political reservations for women and policy influence of low-castes in IndiaGuilhelm Cassan (University of Namur), Lore Vandewalle (GIIDS, Geneva)

Women’s economic inclusion

Give women creditErica Field (Duke University), Rohini Pande (Yale University)

Closing gender gaps in India: Does increasing women’s access to finance help? - Purva Khera (International Monetary Fund)

Women’s inheritance rights and son preference in India - Sonia Bhalotra (University of Essex), Rachel Brulé (Boston University), Sanchari Roy (King’s College London)
[Read in Hindi]

Social norms and gender discrimination

Tell us what you really think: Measuring gender attitudes in HaryanaDiva Dhar (Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation), Tarun Jain (IIM Ahmedabad), Seema Jayachandran (Northwestern University)

Gender norms and competitiveness: Evidence from the tribes of Northeast IndiaStefan Klonner (Heidelberg University), Christiane Schwieren (Heidelberg University), Sumantra Pal (Indian Economic Service)

Prevalence and evolution of dowry in IndiaGaurav Chiplunkar (University of Virginia), Jeffrey Weaver (University of South California)
[Read in Hindi]

How female foeticide has influenced fertility and parental investments in girlsS Anukriti (World Bank), Sonia Bhalotra (University of Essex), Hiu Fung (London School of Economics and Political Science)

For more on related IGC content, please see

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